Gray, Stanley Goddard

Personal Information

Rank F/S
Forename(s) Stanley Goddard
Surname Gray
Gender M
Age 23
Date of Death 27-09-1942
Next of Kin Son of to Thomas Maurice Gray and Lucille May Gray (née Roberts), of Pine Bush, New York, USA

Aircraft Information

Aircraft Handley Page Halifax II
Serial Number W7822
Markings EY-

Memorial Information

Burial/Memorial Country United Kingdom
Burial/Memorial Place Runnymede Memorial
Grave Reference Panel 104.

IBCC Memorial Information

Phase 2
Panel Number 172

Enlistment Information

Service Number R/79093
Service Royal Canadian Air Force
Group 4
Squadron 78
Trade Pilot
Country of Origin United States of America

Other Memorials

Location Adjacent to Clubhouse, Breighton Airfield, East Yorkshire
Country United Kingdom
Memorial Type Inscribed Marble Tablet
Memorial Text Dedicated to all who served at this airfield and gave their lives during World War II
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Location External, All Saints Church, Bubwith, East Yorkshire
Country United Kingdom
Memorial Type Stone Memorial, inscribed Metal Plaque
Memorial Text 78 Sqn 4 Group Bomber Command Yorkshire 1939 - 1945 To All Who Served
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Location Internal, All Saints Church, Bubwith, East Yorkshire
Country United Kingdom
Memorial Type Inscribed Wooden Board, Memorial Chapel featuring Cross made from Halifax wreckage
Memorial Text The 78 Sqn Memorial in the Churchyard was dedicated by the Bishop of Selby on 7th September 1986. RAF Breighton, two miles from this church was the Sqn's home from June 1943 to May 1945
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Location Outside "B" Hangar, RAF Benson, Oxfordshire
Country United Kingdom
Memorial Type Memorial Stone & Inscribed Slate Plaque
Memorial Text In proud memory of all who have lost their lives serving with 78 Sqn Royal Air Force "Nemo Non Paratus - Nobody Unprepared"
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Miscellaneous Information

Stanley was born on 26 September 1919 at Hollis, Long Island, New York. His parents were both born in New York and his father was a Forester (Fibre broker). They were both deceased by the time of Stanley's enlistment, his father in 1923 at the age of only 29. His brother Thomas Leonard was listed as his next of kin on his enlistment papers. Thomas was a Corporal at 494 Engineer’s Heavy Shop Co., Camp Clairborne, Louisiana. Stanley's schooling was at P.S. 52, New York City 1927-1935 (General) and Hendrick Hudson High School 1935-1938 (College Entrance). He also attended Cornell University 1938-1940 , Ithaca, New York where he attained a BSc (as an Agronomist). Stanley’s sport interest was football which he played at High School and his hobbies were maps, land surveys and photography. He worked as a tree expert 1937-1938 at the US Dept. of Agriculture in the Bureau of Entomology, Washington. He then returned to his schooling. He had been an Aviation Cadet in the U.S Army Air Force.
Stanley enlisted on 5 February 1941 and after training was sent to the U.K. where he arrived at 3 PRC on 23 November 1941. He was at 51 OTU 27 January 1942 and then at 6 (P)AFU on 27 April 1942, 24 OTU 30 June 1942 and 78 CU 16 September 1942. Sadly Stanley lost his life on 27 September 1942, just eleven days later. He had turned 23 years of age the day they took off for this fateful flight.
He had a Fiancée Grace Williams and were very shortly to be married. He left instructions with his brother that she should be allowed to have his personal belongings should he lose his life.

Commonwealth War Graves Commission

The National Archives

Fellow Servicemen

Last Operation Information

Start Date 26-09-1942
End Date 27-09-1942
Takeoff Station Linton-on-Ouse
Day/Night Raid Night (94% moon)
Operation Flensburg. 28 aircraft, all recalled. One was lost and one went on to bomb the target
Reason for Loss Attacked by a night-fighter, taking out the port outer engine. Low fuel was also reported over the w/t suggesting a fuel leak. Nothing more heard

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Casualty Pack

IBCC is delighted to introduce a unique facility to link the Losses Database to the relevant RAF Casualty Pack on the National Archives website. This project is the result of on-going collaboration between IBCC, the MOD Records Office and National Archives, Kew. This document describes what Casualty Packs are, when they were created, the process of making them available to the public and then goes on to describe the process by which you can view the contents of the packs. Casualty Packs (CPs) were created by the RAF whenever there was serious injury or loss of life associated with operational activity within the RAF. This includes operational flying losses, enemy action due to air raids, road accidents either on station or even off-station if they involved RAF vehicles. Deaths due to natural causes in service or accidents that did not involve RAF vehicles did not generally give rise to a CP.

CPs were originally given a unique reference number by the RAF. Each begins with the letter ‘P’ and is followed by six digits, then an oblique (forward slash) and the finally the year in which the incident took place- for example P396154/42.

The CPs are in the process of being made available to the general public as they are passed from the MOD Records Office, Portsmouth to National Archives, Kew. This process requires some rework to the files which is very time consuming, so the process of making them all available to National Archives will take several years. They are being made available in increasing date order.

Once CPs arrive at National Archives they are assigned a unique AIR81 number, so each CP has both a P-number and an AIR81 number. Both are searchable on the National Archives website under ‘Search the catalogue’ and both are included on the IBCC website.

The AIR81 reference on the IBCC website is a link to the file on the National Archives website. When you click on it, the relevant page will open in a new tab on your browser.

There is currently no plan to digitise AIR81 files, partly because they are fragile and partly because the information they contain can at times be sensitive, even harrowing, since they may contain exhumation reports and even photographs of corpses. Family members wishing to read the AIR81 files relating to their ancestors are advised to exercise caution and be guided by National Archives warnings where appropriate.

There are two means for accessing AIR81 files- to attend in person or to order a copy by post.

To attend in person, the attendee should first create a Reader’s Ticket. This can be done online by following this link: Then click on the AIR81 reference on the IBCC website and click Order in Advance. Enter your Reader’s Ticket number and state the date on which you intend to visit. National Archives will have the file ready for you when you arrive, saving you time. When you visit Kew, you must quote the Reader’s Ticket number and take along two forms of ID- one bearing your signature and one bearing your address. When you view the files, you are permitted to take photographs of each page, should you wish.

Alternatively, if you wish to order a copy by post, please be aware that there is a charge for this service based on the number of pages in the file. Click on the AIR81 reference on the IBCC website and then click Request a Copy. There is an £8.40 charge for National Archives staff to access the file and give you a quotation for the copying service. The process takes around 24 days to complete and can be expensive.

IBCC wishes to thank the staff at the MOD Records Office and National Archives for their engagement and assistance in making this facility available to our website users.